Byzantine period (324-638) - Images of
Jerusalem appeared as decorative
elements on buildings, in frescos and wall-mosaics in churches,
such as the mosaics in the churches of Sta. Maria Maggiore, St.
Prudenciana and St. Giovanni in Rome, and Umm al-Rasas in northern
Jordan, Although these mosaics do not reflect an accurate description
of the city, they bear witness to the importance assigned to Jerusalem
in Byzantine Christianity.
The most detailed depiction of Jerusalem from the Byzantine period
is the mosaic map discovered in the Jordanian village of Madaba
in the late 19th century. The map depicts the area from the Nile
delta and the Mediterranean coast to the desert east of the Jordan
and includes the city of Jerusalem Distinct from other maps that
survived from the Byzantine period, it is considered a realistic
depiction of the city of those times, and because it is reasonably
detailed, conveys a clear sense of the urban layout of Jerusalem
in the Byzantine era.
Next >> The history
of Jerusalem's maps (Early Islamic period ) >>